A republic (from Latin:res publica) is a sovereign state or country which is organised with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law. In modern times, the definition of a republic is commonly limited to a government which excludes a monarch. Currently, 147 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names.
Both modern and ancient republics vary widely in their ideology and composition. In the classical and medieval period of Europe, many states were fashioned on the Roman Republic, which referred to the governance of the city of Rome, between it having kings and emperors. The Italian medieval and Renaissance political tradition, today referred to as "civic humanism", is sometimes considered to derive directly from Roman republicans such as Sallust and Tacitus. However, Greek-influenced Roman authors, such as Polybius and Cicero, sometimes also used the term as a translation for the Greek politeia which could mean regime generally, but could also be applied to certain specific types of regime which did not exactly correspond to that of the Roman Republic. Republics were not equated with classical democracies such as Athens, but had a democratic aspect.
De re publica (On the Commonwealth; see below) is a dialogue on Roman politics by Cicero, written in six books between 54 and 51 BC. It is written in the format of a Socratic dialogue in which Scipio Africanus Minor (who had died a few decades before Cicero was born, several centuries after Socrates' death) takes the role of a wise old man — a typical feature of the genre. Cicero's treatise was politically controversial: by choosing the format of a philosophical dialogue he avoided naming his political adversaries directly. By employing various speakers to raise differing opinions, Cicero not only remained true to his favored skeptical method of setting opposing arguments against one another (see, e.g., Carneades), but also made it more difficult for his adversaries to take him to task on what he had written.
Setting and dramatis personæ
The dialogue is portrayed as taking place in Scipio's estate, during three consecutive days. Each day is described in two books, with an introduction by Cicero preceding the dialogue of each book. A large part of the last book (the sixth) is taken by Scipio telling a dream he had: this passage is known as Somnium Scipionis, or "Scipio's dream".
NathanSutherland, 39, was charged in 2019 with sexually assaulting the woman, who was a quadriplegic and unable to communicate, KNXV reported. He pleaded guilty to charges of sexual assault and vulnerable adult abuse in September according to The ArizonaRepublic... Her child is now under the guardianship of her mother, according to the Republic.
"The article falsely and outrageously states that Plaintiff has engaged in widespread criminal misconduct and sexual abuse, that Plaintiff turned Whitefish, Montana, into a 'personal fiefdom' and 'banana republic' where he 'controls' law enforcement, and that Plaintiff is another ...
Our joint investigation with the Thomson ReutersFoundation uncovered widespread sexual exploitation and abuse by Ebola aid workers in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo... Here are 10 examples of our recent reporting that explore GBV and sexual abuse and exploitation issues in different humanitarian settings around the globe.
Davao City is part of the nationwide campaign, with the slogan “Filipino Marespeto; Safe Spaces, Kasali Tayo,” that seek stronger awareness on RepublicAct 11313 or the Safe Spaces Act of 2019 that penalizes all forms of sexual harassment in streets and public spaces including online, workplaces, and educational training institutions ... .
2021 when she penned a since-deleted social media post accusing former Chinese Vice-Premier Zhang Gaoli of sexual misconduct ... and Europe, such moments of courage from high-profile women have built momentum to out perpetrators of sexual harassment and assault and give a voice to those wronged.
The Republic had a long-standing relationship with the country, he added ... Among the matters of concern was the use of sexual violence as a tool of conflict, “which is essentially mass rape”, he said. The Republic had in many ways led the political debate at the UN Security Council ...
2021 when she penned a since-deleted social media post accusing former Chinese Vice-Premier Zhang Gaoli of sexual misconduct ... and Europe, such moments of courage from high-profile women have built momentum to out perpetrators of sexual harassment and assault and give a voice to those wronged ... Claim of a sexual assault.
... this month an online platform to improve the conditions of struggling LBGTQ+ communities in the Arab world and in the Islamic Republic of Iran, where widespread oppression of sexual minorities exists, including the imposition of the death penalty in a number of nations.
The representatives of Algeria, DemocraticRepublic of the Congo, Dominican Republic and Peru said part of their efforts include newly drafted or adopted laws and policies ... In the European Union, criminals mainly traffic their victims for sexual exploitation ... sexual exploitation.
LordAhmad of Wimbledon called on the international community to step up to protect rights and improve lives of children born from sexual violence in conflict ... The programme is working in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo and South Sudan to end the stigma faced by survivors of sexual violence and children born as a result.