A republic (from Latin:res publica) is a sovereign state or country which is organised with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law. In modern times, the definition of a republic is commonly limited to a government which excludes a monarch. Currently, 147 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names.
Both modern and ancient republics vary widely in their ideology and composition. In the classical and medieval period of Europe, many states were fashioned on the Roman Republic, which referred to the governance of the city of Rome, between it having kings and emperors. The Italian medieval and Renaissance political tradition, today referred to as "civic humanism", is sometimes considered to derive directly from Roman republicans such as Sallust and Tacitus. However, Greek-influenced Roman authors, such as Polybius and Cicero, sometimes also used the term as a translation for the Greek politeia which could mean regime generally, but could also be applied to certain specific types of regime which did not exactly correspond to that of the Roman Republic. Republics were not equated with classical democracies such as Athens, but had a democratic aspect.
De re publica (On the Commonwealth; see below) is a dialogue on Roman politics by Cicero, written in six books between 54 and 51 BC. It is written in the format of a Socratic dialogue in which Scipio Africanus Minor (who had died a few decades before Cicero was born, several centuries after Socrates' death) takes the role of a wise old man — a typical feature of the genre. Cicero's treatise was politically controversial: by choosing the format of a philosophical dialogue he avoided naming his political adversaries directly. By employing various speakers to raise differing opinions, Cicero not only remained true to his favored skeptical method of setting opposing arguments against one another (see, e.g., Carneades), but also made it more difficult for his adversaries to take him to task on what he had written.
Setting and dramatis personæ
The dialogue is portrayed as taking place in Scipio's estate, during three consecutive days. Each day is described in two books, with an introduction by Cicero preceding the dialogue of each book. A large part of the last book (the sixth) is taken by Scipio telling a dream he had: this passage is known as Somnium Scipionis, or "Scipio's dream".
Those paper ballots. Your editorial about Col.Col. (sic) ConradReynolds and his push for paper ballots made me feel nostalgic ... That made me chuckle ... Pun intended ... Johnson's worries aren't new; in 2004 he said, "Experts project that homosexual marriage is the dark harbinger of chaos and sexual anarchy that could doom even the strongest republic." ... If Mr.
... the threat of emotional, sexual, and physical violence ... However, regarding knowledge of the "age of consent" for "sexual intercourse," 43 respondents admitted they had no idea, and only three respondents knew the correct age, which is 16 years old according to RepublicAct 11648.
The World Health Organization said it has confirmed sexual transmission of monkeypox in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo for the first time as the country’s experiences its biggest-ever outbreak, a worrying development that African scientists warn could make it more difficult to stop the disease.
The worst form of this violence continues to be online sexual abuse and exploitation," said PMFI. PMFI also acknowledged the government for passing RepublicAct 11930 or the Anti Online Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Children (OSAEC) which seeks to protect children from threats of abuse in the digital world.
When The Republic pressed program spokespeople for a clear answer on the number of sexual assault substantiations Protective Services has made over the past couple of years, they provided three different figures within a three-day period ... The Arizona Republic does not generally name victims of sexual assault.
A breakthrough came just thirty years ago when the wars in the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and the DemocraticRepublic of the Congo saw the devastating and deliberate use of mass sexual violence ... to survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
After Rep.Mike Johnson (R-Louisiana) was confirmed as House speaker, many reports focused on his far-right evangelical views ...Johnson is an evangelical Christian who has condemned homosexuality as 'inherently unnatural' and called same-sex marriage 'the dark harbinger of chaos and sexual anarchy that could doom even the strongest republic'…. ... POLL ... .
The license granted to VAS providers specified that they must comply with the Anti-Online Sexual Abuse or Exploitation of Children and Anti-Child Sexual Abuse or Exploitation of Materials Act (Republic Act 11930), which amended the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009 or RA 9775 ... Musk would have willingly paid as he could afford ... ....
Johnson is an evangelical Christian who has condemned homosexuality as “inherently unnatural” and called same-sex marriage “the dark harbinger of chaos and sexual anarchy that could doom even the strongest republic.” He served as spokesperson for the Alliance Defense Fund (now ...
Good day. Here are the top stories of The Manila Times for Monday, Nov ... The license granted to VAS providers specified that they must comply with the Anti-Online Sexual Abuse or Exploitation of Children and Anti-Child Sexual Abuse or Exploitation of Materials Act (Republic Act 11930), which amended the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009 or RA 9775.
Listen to this article. Once upon a time there was a very, very, very boring day in a very, very, very boring world full of very, very, very boring people ... Must be a slow news day.” ... 2024 ... So, how do you work with a guy who argued that same-sex relations are ‘the dark harbinger of chaos and sexual anarchy that could doom even the strongest Republic?’”.